|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 61-62
Impact of artificial intelligence and big data on the healthcare profession?
National President, Academy of Family Physicians of India, New Delhi; Director, Institute of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Greater NOIDA, UP, India
|Date of Submission||16-Sep-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||16-Sep-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||29-Sep-2021|
Dr. Raman Kumar
049, Crema Tower, Mahagun Mascot, Crossing Republik, Ghaziabad - 202 016, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
If one looks back on human history, there are cycles of civilizational growth and destruction. One can admire the craftsmanship and statesmanship from the past as we move forward and create the future of new complexities. We are at the crossroad of human history. Social media and digital infrastructure have already changed the social transactions of human beings forever. Intelligent robots, drones, digital monitoring, ever-evolving decision-making algorithms, consumer analytics are impacting human transaction. The rapidly enabling tech environment is bound to have a long-lasting impact on the human interface of the healthcare delivery system; the medical professionals and the healthcare workers.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Future of Healthcare, Remote Healthcare, Digital Health
|How to cite this article:|
Kumar R. Impact of artificial intelligence and big data on the healthcare profession?. J Prim Care Spec 2021;2:61-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Kumar R. Impact of artificial intelligence and big data on the healthcare profession?. J Prim Care Spec [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 28];2:61-2. Available from: http://www.jpcs.com/text.asp?2021/2/3/61/327056
| Science and Healthcare Professionals|| |
If one looks back on human history, there are cycles of civilizational growth and destruction. One can admire the craftsmanship and statesmanship from the past as we move forward and create the future of new complexities. All development domains need to be meaningful, sustainable, and beneficial to humanity. Scientific development depends upon precision and accuracy. However, the discipline of medical science is applied in nature due to dependency on multiple variables; though its application on individuals may lead to expected statistical predictability. There has been exponential growth in science and technology during the past century. The medical professional who used to be a generalist, in the beginning, started to practice specialized vocations dealing with specific organs, organ systems, gender, or age groups. The logistics of the healthcare delivery system have evolved accordingly. Specialists need hospitals with concentrated medical infrastructure to function. The role of medical generalists did not become obsolete but was rendered devalued and less glamorous.
| Recent History of Healthcare|| |
From a public health perspective, the majority of clinical problems can be resolved by the medical generalist in the community setting and without intervention at the hospital. This role is important in the context of long-term care and multi-morbidity of chronic and noncommunicable diseases. It makes financial sense for governments and insurance sectors to manage medical care through early detection, long-term management, prevention of endpoint damages, and hospitalizations. There is a global movement for Universal Health Coverage as governments have committed to this objective through the World Health Organization and United Nations. Medical care forms the core of the Universal Health Coverage, the financial tool and protection for ordinary citizens. Post-World War II, the medical generalized gained back their reputation and role within the health systems of the developed economies, e.g., western European countries, to emphasize comprehensive primary care. However, the choices of public health policies in the low and middle-income countries tended to focus more on a selective approach through vertical diseases' eradication programs. In such a situation, the generalists continued to be devalued and had to survive without a clear role definition within the health system. In such systems, the traditional generalists such as family physicians have declined.
| COVID Pandemic and Disruption|| |
COVID pandemic has disrupted the healthcare delivery system across the globe. The digitalization of healthcare that was already expanding to match other sectors has taken over the center stage. There is a paradigm shift in the access and delivery of primary healthcare. Artificial intelligence, big data, cryptocurrency, and blockchain are new terminologies and have become a part of popular culture. The health-seeking behavior has also rapidly changed only within 2 years. Medical, healthcare, and digital industries are merging. Governments and regulators are trying to catch up. Intelligent robots, drones, digital monitoring, ever-evolving decision-making algorithms, and consumer analytics are impacting human transections. Diagnostics modules, machines, and equipment are evolving faster than ever due to big data and intelligent systems. Social media and digital infrastructure have already changed the social transactions of human beings forever. The rapidly enabling tech environment is bound to have a long-lasting impact on the human interface of the healthcare delivery system; the medical professionals and the healthcare workers.
| Future of Healthcare|| |
Many of the subspecialty work is likely to be transferred to technicians than the licensed professionals. In many situations, the role of medical professionals will become obsolete like “drivers” of the self-driven driver-less cars. Such cars would require only technical maintenance, technicians, and engineers. Algorithms and intelligent machines will take over many vocational roles. Individuals and patients will gain more autonomy over self-monitoring, reporting, and even shared decision-making. The identity between engineers and physicians is likely to become thin. However, the generalist role is likely to be preserved due to the natural requirements of care and compassion. However, they will require to be more tech-savvy and flexible in dealing with the community. Their role will remain that of a friend, philosopher, and guide.